Search for excited quarks of light and heavy flavor in final states in proton-proton collisions at
A search is presented for excited quarks of light and heavy flavor that decay to final states. The analysis is based on data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9\fbinvcollected by the CMS experiment in proton-proton collisions at at the LHC. A signal would appear as a resonant contribution to the invariant mass spectrum of the system, above the background expected from standard model processes. No resonant excess is found, and upper limits are set on the product of the excited quark cross section and its branching fraction as a function of its mass. These are the most stringent limits to date in the final state, and exclude excited light quarks with masses below 5.5\TeVand excited b quarks with masses below 1.8\TeV, assuming standard model couplings.
High energy proton-proton collisions containing a photon and a jet with large transverse momenta (\pt) provide a powerful means of searching for new physics. For example, models involving compositeness [1, 2, 3] predict excited states of quarks that can be identified by searching for events that contain a photon and a jet from their decays. We present a search for excited states of light (u,d) and heavy (b) quarks using this decay signature.
We assume that the coupling between the excited quark (), the ordinary quarks, and gauge bosons proceeds through a gauge-invariant magnetic-moment operator, described by the effective Lagrangian :
where is the right-handed excited quark field; the Pauli spin matrix; the left-handed quark field; , , and are the field tensors of the SU(3), SU(2), and U(1) gauge fields respectively; , , and are the corresponding gauge structure constants, and , , and are the gauge couplings. The compositeness scale is the energy scale typical for these interactions. The quantities , , and are unknown dimensionless constants that represent the strengths of the excited quark couplings to the standard model (SM) partners. Their values are determined by the compositeness dynamics, and are usually assumed to be of order unity.
In pp collisions, excited quarks are expected to be produced predominantly through quark-gluon fusion (), and then decay into a quark and a gauge boson (). Searches have been performed in different channels [5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11], but no evidence for the existence of excited quarks has yet been found. This analysis looks for evidence of (where represents or ) and production by searching for resonances in final states. The signal model includes excited quarks with spin-, and assumes a compositeness scale that equals the mass of the resonance (). An assumption is also made that , , and have identical values [3, 4] and henceforth these will be referred to collectively as . The data correspond to an integrated luminosity of 35.9\fbinvcollected by the CMS experiment in pp collisions at at the CERN LHC, in 2016.
A final state with a photon and a jet is produced in the SM mainly through , , , multijet, and W/Z processes. Among these, the main irreducible backgrounds are quark-gluon Compton scattering () and quark-antiquark annihilation (). Although the probability for a jet to be reconstructed as a photon is to , the cross section for multijet production is two to three orders of magnitude larger than that for the irreducible backgrounds, depending on the of the jet , making jet misidentification the second-largest source of background. Electroweak production of /+, where the W or Z boson decays to a pair of quark jets, contributes a very small fraction of the background due to its small production cross section.
This Letter provides a brief description of the CMS detector in Section 2. The main strategy used in selecting the events is discussed in Section 3. Section 4 contains information about signal and background models, while Section 5 lists the systematic uncertainties estimated in this analysis. The results of the study are presented in Section 6 and summarized in Section 7.
2 The CMS detector
The central feature of the CMS detector is a superconducting solenoid of 6\unitm internal diameter, providing a magnetic field of 3.8\unitT. Within the solenoid volume are a silicon pixel and strip tracker, a lead tungstate crystal electromagnetic calorimeter (ECAL), and a brass and scintillator hadron calorimeter (HCAL), each composed of a barrel and two endcap sections. The very forward regions of the detector near the beam line is covered by the forward calorimeters. Muons are measured in gas-ionization detectors embedded in the steel flux-return yoke outside the solenoid. In the barrel section of the ECAL, an energy resolution of about 1% is achieved for unconverted or late-converting photons in the tens of \GeVenergy range. The remaining barrel photons have a resolution of about 1.3% up to pseudorapidity = 1 rising to about 2.5% at , where is defined as , being the polar angle of the cylindrical coordinates of the CMS detector. In the endcaps, the resolution of unconverted or late-converting photons is about 2.5%, while the remaining endcap photons have a resolution between 3–4%. When combining information from the entire detector, the jet energy resolution is typically around 15% at 10\GeV, 8% at 100\GeV, and 4% at 1\TeV. A more detailed description of the CMS detector, together with a definition of the coordinate system used and the relevant kinematic variables, can be found in .
The CMS experiment selects physics events using a two-tier trigger system, a hardware-based level-1 (L1) and a software-based high-level trigger (HLT). The L1 trigger selects events of interest using information from the calorimeters and the muon system only, and reduces the readout rate from the bunch crossing frequency of 40\unitMHz to below 100\unitkHz. The HLT system further decreases this rate to an average of a few 100\unitHz to a maximum of 1\unitkHz. The events selected by the HLT are then reconstructed offline and used for analysis.
3 Event selection
Events are analyzed using a particle-flow (PF) algorithm , which reconstructs and identifies each individual particle with an optimized combination of information from the various elements of the CMS detector. The energy of photons is directly obtained from the ECAL measurement, corrected for zero-suppression effects . The energy of electrons is determined from a combination of the electron momentum at the primary interaction vertex as determined by the tracker, the energy of the corresponding ECAL cluster, and the energy sum of all bremsstrahlung photons spatially compatible with originating from the electron track. The energy of muons is obtained from the curvature of the corresponding track. The energy of charged hadrons is determined from a combination of their momentum measured in the tracker and the matching ECAL and HCAL energy deposits, corrected for zero-suppression effects and for the response function of the calorimeters to hadronic showers. Finally, the energy of neutral hadrons is obtained from the corresponding corrected ECAL and HCAL energy.
The jets in each event are formed mainly from photons, charged, and neutral hadrons using the infrared- and collinear-safe anti- algorithm , with distance parameter where , and being the pseudorapidity and azimuthal angle (in radians) difference between the jet axis and its constituents. Jet momenta and energies are corrected to establish a uniform calorimetric response in and an absolute response in at the particle level using calibration constants  obtained from simulation, test beam results, and pp collision data at .
The data sample used in this analysis consists of events that are selected by a photon trigger having a threshold of 165\GeVand an additional condition on the ratio of the photon energy deposited in the HCAL to that in the ECAL (H/E), which is required to be less than 10%. The efficiency of the trigger used in the study has been evaluated separately using samples collected with photon, muon, or jet triggers to account for possible biases in trigger selection. The trigger efficiencies measured in these samples are greater than 95% for 200, as measured offline.
In the offline selection, each event is required to have at least one reconstructed primary vertex with at least four associated tracks, and lie within 24\unitcm along the direction and within 2\unitcm in the transverse plane, from the nominal collision point. The reconstructed vertex with the largest value of summed physics-object is taken as the primary pp interaction vertex. The physics objects are the jets, clustered using the jet finding algorithm [15, 17] with the tracks assigned to the vertex as inputs, and the associated missing transverse momentum, taken as the negative vector sum of the of those jets.
The photon identification  is based on requirements on H/E and shower profile of the photon. The photon should be isolated from any identified electrons in the detector. The photon is also required to be well isolated from other photons and hadrons within a cone of around its axis. The photon must have \GeVand lie in the central barrel region (). Among the photons passing the above criteria in each event, the one with the highest is selected to reconstruct the mass of the photon+jet system in the event. The isolation quantities are corrected for effects from overlapping pp interactions (pileup) in the same or adjacent bunch crossings, by subtracting the energy calculated from the mean energy density in the event, as computed using the package . The photon identification and isolation criteria used in this analysis lead to a signal efficiency of 80% with an estimated background rejection of 90%.
In order to be combined with a photon to form a resonance candidate, the selected jet must be separated from the chosen photon candidate by and satisfy the jet identification criteria . The jet identification criteria comprise requirements on the number of constituents, and on the fraction of jet energy carried by each constituent type. The jet is required to be within the region and must have a \GeV. The angular separation between the selected photon and jet is restricted by applying a requirement of (,jet) 1.5. This selection removes a large fraction of the multijet background without rejecting signal events, and thus enhances the signal-over-background ratio. If more than one jet candidate is present in the event, the jet with the highest \ptis used in the analysis. The selected events form the “inclusive category” for the search of light excited quarks.
Jets originating from b quarks are identified using the combined secondary vertex v2 algorithm (CSVv2) [19, 20]. The algorithm combines the information from the primary vertex, impact parameters, and secondary vertices within the jet using a neural network discriminator. The loose working point used in the analysis has 81% b jet selection efficiency, 10% misidentification rate for light-quark and gluon jets, and 40% misidentification rate for c quark jets . Depending on the outcome of the CSVv2 algorithm, a jet is tagged either as a b jet or a non b jet candidate. According to this tagging, for the analysis, the events are further classified in the “1b tag” and “0b tag” categories. Since the acceptance falls off slightly for 1b tag category at higher masses (Fig. 1), the sensitivity of the search is improved by including the results from 0b tag category in the limit computation.
The above selection criteria are optimized for the best expected 95% confidence level (CL) limits on the cross section versus mass of and .
The efficiencies for assigning events to the 1b tag and 0b tag categories, determined from the Monte Carlo (MC) simulation, are corrected using b tag scale factors (SFs), to take into account the observed differences between the b tagging efficiency of the CSVv2 tagger applied to data and to MC simulation. The SFs are defined as , where and correspond to the b tagging efficiencies of the CSVv2 algorithms in data and MC simulation, respectively. These SFs have been measured using the techniques described in .
The invariant mass of the selected () system is required to be , to avoid the turn-on region due to the requirements imposed on the kinematic properties of the trigger objects. Fig. 1 shows the total selection and reconstruction efficiency times acceptance for and processes. The acceptance times efficiency for the 1b tag category decreases with increasing mass owing to the decrease in the efficiency of the track reconstruction and the resolution of the reconstructed track parameters with increasing of the jet.
4 Modelling signal and background
The signal samples for and are simulated at leading order (LO) with the \PYTHIA 8.212 event generator  for , 0.5 and 0.1 at different resonance masses in the range from 1 to 7\TeVat intervals of 1\TeVand from 1 to 5\TeVat intervals of 0.5\TeV, respectively. The generated events are processed through a full CMS detector simulation based on \GEANTfour . The simulation uses the CUETP8M1 underlying event tune [23, 24], a renormalization and factorization scale corresponding to for the hard-scattered partons, and NNPDF2.3LO parton distribution functions (PDFs) . The natural width of the resonance, at parton level, can be approximated as . The production cross section is also proportional to . The signals for intermediate mass points are interpolated at intervals of 50\GeV.
The \MGvATNLOv2.2.2 program  has been used to generate the and /+ background MC samples at LO, with the showering and hadronization carried out by the \PYTHIA 8.212 program. A double counting of the partons generated with \MADGRAPHand those with \PYTHIAis removed using the MLM  matching scheme. The multijet MC events are generated using \PYTHIA 8.212 event generator. The same event reconstruction is employed in data and MC simulations. However, the background is evaluated from data, and the MC simulation is used only for the optimization of the event selection. The invariant mass distribution of the SM background falls smoothly and can be described by an analytic function.
The inclusive invariant mass distribution and the distributions for 1b tag and 0b tag categories, expressed in \TeV, are shown in Figs. 2 and 3, respectively. The binning is chosen to have a bin width approximately equal to the expected mass resolution, which varies from about 4.5% at a mass of 1\TeVto 3.3% at 6\TeV. These distributions are modeled using an empirical parametrization that has been used widely in similar previous searches [7, 8, 10, 11]:
where and , , , and are four parameters used to describe the background distribution and its normalization. The order of the function has been chosen by performing Fisher tests , with a cut-off p-value of 0.05. The highest invariant mass event observed in data has of 4.6\TeVwith a b-tagged jet, and thus belongs to both the inclusive and 1b tag categories.
In order to examine the presence of a possible systematic bias due to the choice of background fitting function, tests are performed using alternate functional forms. These alternative expressions are polynomial functions that also provide adequate descriptions of the data. To perform these tests, an invariant mass distribution of the SM background is obtained from MC simulation. This invariant mass distribution is fitted with alternate test functions and the results of the fit, considered as the truth model, are used to generate a large number of pseudo-data samples that have bin-to-bin statistical fluctuations similar to those of the data. A signal with a cross section close to the expected sensitivity is also injected in the pseudo-data distributions. These distributions are then fitted using the default background function along with a signal model, and the signal cross section is extracted. Pull distributions defined as the difference between the true and extracted signal cross sections divided by the estimated statistical uncertainty, for the obtained signal cross sections are constructed. The deviation from zero, of the mean in the pull distribution, is a measure of the bias present in the model. The pull distributions for and modelling over the studied mass range are found to be consistent with normalized Gaussian forms with medians deviating by no more than 0.5 from zero, and widths consistent with unity for the full mass range. When added in quadrature with the statistical uncertainty, the bias uncertainty is found to contribute approximately 10% of the total. Therefore, it is concluded that the systematic uncertainty associated with the choice of the parametric function is negligible, and the statistical uncertainty of the fit is the only uncertainty in the background prediction that needs to be considered.
5 Systematic uncertainties
The dominant sources of the systematic uncertainties affecting the and signals are summarized in Table 5.
The uncertainties in the jet energy scale and jet energy resolution  affect both the signal yield and its distribution. The size of the effect is determined by varying the four-momenta of the jets by the corresponding uncertainties and repeating the full analysis with the modified quantities.
The systematic uncertainties in the photon energy scale and resolution, and photon identification efficiency are derived from events. The uncertainty in the photon energy scale is found to be about 1% and it includes the uncertainty in the extrapolation to higher \pt, beyond the reach of the control samples . The uncertainty in the photon identification is estimated to be around 2%. Also, a systematic uncertainty of 5% has been included to account for the precision of the photon trigger efficiency measurement. The effect of the b tagging scale-factor uncertainty on the distribution of the signal is evaluated to be around 1% while on the normalization, the effect is around 2%. The method used to interpolate the signal distributions from the generated distributions is assigned an uncertainty of 0.5–1.0%, which accounts for the difference between the generated and interpolated signals. The PDF uncertainty affects the signal acceptance by 1.5–3.0% for both and quarks and is evaluated using PDF4LHC recommendations .
The uncertainties in the measurement of the integrated luminosity (2.5%)  and pileup description (1%) affect the overall signal yield. The uncertainty in the background estimate is accounted for in the fit by varying the parameter values within their respective uncertainties, with no additional constraints.
In the mass region studied, no significant excess has been observed. We use the invariant mass spectra (Figs. 2, 3), the background parametrization, and the and theoretical predictions to set 95% CL upper limits on the production cross section of and decaying to and , respectively.
The modified frequentist CL method [31, 32] in the asymptotic approximation  is utilized to set upper limits on signal cross sections. In order to evaluate limits, a likelihood function is constructed that is the product of the Poisson likelihoods of all the bins in the distribution. The systematic uncertainties in the signal are implemented in terms of nuisance parameters with Gaussian and log-normal constraints. The uncertainty due to the background parametrization is found to have the largest impact and is quantified by considering the effect of changing the parameters from their central values by their estimated 1 sigma uncertainties. We calculate limits by evaluating the likelihood independently at successive values of resonance mass from 1 to 6\TeVfor , and 1 to 5\TeVfor in steps of 50\GeV. The cross section limits are not evaluated below 1\TeV, because of uncertainties in the signal efficiency associated with the invariant mass selection, .
In order to evaluate limits for , likelihoods for 1b and 0b tag categories are combined together. The observed and expected mass limits for and are computed at 95 CL. The results are presented in terms of limits on the product of the cross section () and branching fraction (). The cross section upper limits, for , are compared to the LO theoretical predictions, for all the three couplings, to estimate the lower mass limit on excited quarks, as shown in Figs. 4 and 5 for and , respectively. The dependence of on is found to be negligible since the resonance width is small compared to the experimental mass resolution. Observed lower bounds of 5.5 and 1.8\TeVare obtained for and , respectively, for . The corresponding expected mass limits obtained are 5.4 (1.8)\TeVfor (). The variation of the excluded mass as a function of the coupling strength, obtained by interpolating the efficiencies for three signal MC samples corresponding to , 0.5, 0.1, is shown for and in Fig. 6. This result can also be interpreted in terms of the ratio of the resonance mass and , , if we relax the assumption of = , the excited quark production cross section is proportional to as well as /.
A search has been presented for excited states of light and b quarks in final states, using data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9\fbinv, collected at . Upper limits at the 95% confidence level are placed on the product of production cross section and decay branching fraction for the presence of and excited quarks in final states. Comparing these upper limits with theoretical predictions, excited light quarks within the mass range and excited b quarks within the mass range are excluded at 95% confidence level, assuming standard model couplings. These are the most sensitive limits for and searches in the final states. In addition, the search for excited b quarks is the first to be presented in any final state at .
Acknowledgements.We congratulate our colleagues in the CERN accelerator departments for the excellent performance of the LHC and thank the technical and administrative staffs at CERN and at other CMS institutes for their contributions to the success of the CMS effort. In addition, we gratefully acknowledge the computing centers and personnel of the Worldwide LHC Computing Grid for delivering so effectively the computing infrastructure essential to our analyses. Finally, we acknowledge the enduring support for the construction and operation of the LHC and the CMS detector provided by the following funding agencies: BMWFW and FWF (Austria); FNRS and FWO (Belgium); CNPq, CAPES, FAPERJ, and FAPESP (Brazil); MES (Bulgaria); CERN; CAS, MoST, and NSFC (China); COLCIENCIAS (Colombia); MSES and CSF (Croatia); RPF (Cyprus); SENESCYT (Ecuador); MoER, ERC IUT, and ERDF (Estonia); Academy of Finland, MEC, and HIP (Finland); CEA and CNRS/IN2P3 (France); BMBF, DFG, and HGF (Germany); GSRT (Greece); OTKA and NIH (Hungary); DAE and DST (India); IPM (Iran); SFI (Ireland); INFN (Italy); MSIP and NRF (Republic of Korea); LAS (Lithuania); MOE and UM (Malaysia); BUAP, CINVESTAV, CONACYT, LNS, SEP, and UASLP-FAI (Mexico); MBIE (New Zealand); PAEC (Pakistan); MSHE and NSC (Poland); FCT (Portugal); JINR (Dubna); MON, RosAtom, RAS, RFBR and RAEP (Russia); MESTD (Serbia); SEIDI, CPAN, PCTI and FEDER (Spain); Swiss Funding Agencies (Switzerland); MST (Taipei); ThEPCenter, IPST, STAR, and NSTDA (Thailand); TUBITAK and TAEK (Turkey); NASU and SFFR (Ukraine); STFC (United Kingdom); DOE and NSF (USA). Individuals have received support from the Marie-Curie program and the European Research Council and Horizon 2020 Grant, contract No. 675440 (European Union); the Leventis Foundation; the A. P. Sloan Foundation; the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation; the Belgian Federal Science Policy Office; the Fonds pour la Formation à la Recherche dans l’Industrie et dans l’Agriculture (FRIA-Belgium); the Agentschap voor Innovatie door Wetenschap en Technologie (IWT-Belgium); the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports (MEYS) of the Czech Republic; the Council of Science and Industrial Research, India; the HOMING PLUS program of the Foundation for Polish Science, cofinanced from European Union, Regional Development Fund, the Mobility Plus program of the Ministry of Science and Higher Education, the National Science Center (Poland), contracts Harmonia 2014/14/M/ST2/00428, Opus 2014/13/B/ST2/02543, 2014/15/B/ST2/03998, and 2015/19/B/ST2/02861, Sonata-bis 2012/07/E/ST2/01406; the National Priorities Research Program by Qatar National Research Fund; the Programa Severo Ochoa del Principado de Asturias; the Thalis and Aristeia programs cofinanced by EU-ESF and the Greek NSRF; the Rachadapisek Sompot Fund for Postdoctoral Fellowship, Chulalongkorn University and the Chulalongkorn Academic into Its 2nd Century Project Advancement Project (Thailand); the Welch Foundation, contract C-1845; and the Weston Havens Foundation (USA).
Appendix A The CMS Collaboration
Yerevan Physics Institute, Yerevan, Armenia
A.M. Sirunyan, A. Tumasyan \cmsinstskipInstitut für Hochenergiephysik, Wien, Austria
W. Adam, F. Ambrogi, E. Asilar, T. Bergauer, J. Brandstetter, E. Brondolin, M. Dragicevic, J. Erö, M. Flechl, M. Friedl, R. Frühwirth\cmsAuthorMark1, V.M. Ghete, J. Grossmann, J. Hrubec, M. Jeitler\cmsAuthorMark1, A. König, N. Krammer, I. Krätschmer, D. Liko, T. Madlener, I. Mikulec, E. Pree, N. Rad, H. Rohringer, J. Schieck\cmsAuthorMark1, R. Schöfbeck, M. Spanring, D. Spitzbart, W. Waltenberger, J. Wittmann, C.-E. Wulz\cmsAuthorMark1, M. Zarucki \cmsinstskipInstitute for Nuclear Problems, Minsk, Belarus
V. Chekhovsky, V. Mossolov, J. Suarez Gonzalez \cmsinstskipUniversiteit Antwerpen, Antwerpen, Belgium
E.A. De Wolf, D. Di Croce, X. Janssen, J. Lauwers, M. Van De Klundert, H. Van Haevermaet, P. Van Mechelen, N. Van Remortel \cmsinstskipVrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussel, Belgium
S. Abu Zeid, F. Blekman, J. D’Hondt, I. De Bruyn, J. De Clercq, K. Deroover, G. Flouris, D. Lontkovskyi, S. Lowette, I. Marchesini, S. Moortgat, L. Moreels, Q. Python, K. Skovpen, S. Tavernier, W. Van Doninck, P. Van Mulders, I. Van Parijs \cmsinstskipUniversité Libre de Bruxelles, Bruxelles, Belgium
D. Beghin, H. Brun, B. Clerbaux, G. De Lentdecker, H. Delannoy, B. Dorney, G. Fasanella, L. Favart, R. Goldouzian, A. Grebenyuk, T. Lenzi, J. Luetic, T. Maerschalk, A. Marinov, T. Seva, E. Starling, C. Vander Velde, P. Vanlaer, D. Vannerom, R. Yonamine, F. Zenoni, F. Zhang\cmsAuthorMark2 \cmsinstskipGhent University, Ghent, Belgium
A. Cimmino, T. Cornelis, D. Dobur, A. Fagot, M. Gul, I. Khvastunov\cmsAuthorMark3, D. Poyraz, C. Roskas, S. Salva, M. Tytgat, W. Verbeke, N. Zaganidis \cmsinstskipUniversité Catholique de Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium
H. Bakhshiansohi, O. Bondu, S. Brochet, G. Bruno, C. Caputo, A. Caudron, P. David, S. De Visscher, C. Delaere, M. Delcourt, B. Francois, A. Giammanco, M. Komm, G. Krintiras, V. Lemaitre, A. Magitteri, A. Mertens, M. Musich, K. Piotrzkowski, L. Quertenmont, A. Saggio, M. Vidal Marono, S. Wertz, J. Zobec \cmsinstskipCentro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
W.L. Aldá Júnior, F.L. Alves, G.A. Alves, L. Brito, M. Correa Martins Junior, C. Hensel, A. Moraes, M.E. Pol, P. Rebello Teles \cmsinstskipUniversidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
E. Belchior Batista Das Chagas, W. Carvalho, J. Chinellato\cmsAuthorMark4, E. Coelho, E.M. Da Costa, G.G. Da Silveira\cmsAuthorMark5, D. De Jesus Damiao, S. Fonseca De Souza, L.M. Huertas Guativa, H. Malbouisson, M. Melo De Almeida, C. Mora Herrera, L. Mundim, H. Nogima, L.J. Sanchez Rosas, A. Santoro, A. Sznajder, M. Thiel, E.J. Tonelli Manganote\cmsAuthorMark4, F. Torres Da Silva De Araujo, A. Vilela Pereira \cmsinstskipUniversidade Estadual Paulista , Universidade Federal do ABC , São Paulo, Brazil
S. Ahuja, C.A. Bernardes, T.R. Fernandez Perez Tomei, E.M. Gregores, P.G. Mercadante, S.F. Novaes, Sandra S. Padula, D. Romero Abad, J.C. Ruiz Vargas \cmsinstskipInstitute for Nuclear Research and Nuclear Energy, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria
A. Aleksandrov, R. Hadjiiska, P. Iaydjiev, M. Misheva, M. Rodozov, M. Shopova, G. Sultanov \cmsinstskipUniversity of Sofia, Sofia, Bulgaria
A. Dimitrov, L. Litov, B. Pavlov, P. Petkov \cmsinstskipBeihang University, Beijing, China
W. Fang\cmsAuthorMark6, X. Gao\cmsAuthorMark6, L. Yuan \cmsinstskipInstitute of High Energy Physics, Beijing, China
M. Ahmad, J.G. Bian, G.M. Chen, H.S. Chen, M. Chen, Y. Chen, C.H. Jiang, D. Leggat, H. Liao, Z. Liu, F. Romeo, S.M. Shaheen, A. Spiezia, J. Tao, C. Wang, Z. Wang, E. Yazgan, H. Zhang, S. Zhang, J. Zhao \cmsinstskipState Key Laboratory of Nuclear Physics and Technology, Peking University, Beijing, China
Y. Ban, G. Chen, J. Li, Q. Li, S. Liu, Y. Mao, S.J. Qian, D. Wang, Z. Xu \cmsinstskipUniversidad de Los Andes, Bogota, Colombia
C. Avila, A. Cabrera, L.F. Chaparro Sierra, C. Florez, C.F. González Hernández, J.D. Ruiz Alvarez, M.A. Segura Delgado \cmsinstskipUniversity of Split, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture, Split, Croatia
B. Courbon, N. Godinovic, D. Lelas, I. Puljak, P.M. Ribeiro Cipriano, T. Sculac \cmsinstskipUniversity of Split, Faculty of Science, Split, Croatia
Z. Antunovic, M. Kovac \cmsinstskipInstitute Rudjer Boskovic, Zagreb, Croatia
V. Brigljevic, D. Ferencek, K. Kadija, B. Mesic, A. Starodumov\cmsAuthorMark7, T. Susa \cmsinstskipUniversity of Cyprus, Nicosia, Cyprus
M.W. Ather, A. Attikis, G. Mavromanolakis, J. Mousa, C. Nicolaou, F. Ptochos, P.A. Razis, H. Rykaczewski \cmsinstskipCharles University, Prague, Czech Republic
M. Finger\cmsAuthorMark8, M. Finger Jr.\cmsAuthorMark8 \cmsinstskipUniversidad San Francisco de Quito, Quito, Ecuador
E. Carrera Jarrin \cmsinstskipAcademy of Scientific Research and Technology of the Arab Republic of Egypt, Egyptian Network of High Energy Physics, Cairo, Egypt
E. El-khateeb\cmsAuthorMark9, S. Elgammal\cmsAuthorMark10, A. Ellithi Kamel\cmsAuthorMark11 \cmsinstskipNational Institute of Chemical Physics and Biophysics, Tallinn, Estonia
R.K. Dewanjee, M. Kadastik, L. Perrini, M. Raidal, A. Tiko, C. Veelken \cmsinstskipDepartment of Physics, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
P. Eerola, H. Kirschenmann, J. Pekkanen, M. Voutilainen \cmsinstskipHelsinki Institute of Physics, Helsinki, Finland
J. Havukainen, J.K. Heikkilä, T. Järvinen, V. Karimäki, R. Kinnunen, T. Lampén, K. Lassila-Perini, S. Laurila, S. Lehti, T. Lindén, P. Luukka, H. Siikonen, E. Tuominen, J. Tuominiemi \cmsinstskipLappeenranta University of Technology, Lappeenranta, Finland
T. Tuuva \cmsinstskipIRFU, CEA, Université Paris-Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
M. Besancon, F. Couderc, M. Dejardin, D. Denegri, J.L. Faure, F. Ferri, S. Ganjour, S. Ghosh, P. Gras, G. Hamel de Monchenault, P. Jarry, I. Kucher, C. Leloup, E. Locci, M. Machet, J. Malcles, G. Negro, J. Rander, A. Rosowsky, M.Ö. Sahin, M. Titov \cmsinstskipLaboratoire Leprince-Ringuet, Ecole polytechnique, CNRS/IN2P3, Université Paris-Saclay, Palaiseau, France
A. Abdulsalam, C. Amendola, I. Antropov, S. Baffioni, F. Beaudette, P. Busson, L. Cadamuro, C. Charlot, R. Granier de Cassagnac, M. Jo, S. Lisniak, A. Lobanov, J. Martin Blanco, M. Nguyen, C. Ochando, G. Ortona, P. Paganini, P. Pigard, R. Salerno, J.B. Sauvan, Y. Sirois, A.G. Stahl Leiton, T. Strebler, Y. Yilmaz, A. Zabi, A. Zghiche \cmsinstskipUniversité de Strasbourg, CNRS, IPHC UMR 7178, F-67000 Strasbourg, France
J.-L. Agram\cmsAuthorMark12, J. Andrea, D. Bloch, J.-M. Brom, M. Buttignol, E.C. Chabert, N. Chanon, C. Collard, E. Conte\cmsAuthorMark12, X. Coubez, J.-C. Fontaine\cmsAuthorMark12, D. Gelé, U. Goerlach, M. Jansová, A.-C. Le Bihan, N. Tonon, P. Van Hove \cmsinstskipCentre de Calcul de l’Institut National de Physique Nucleaire et de Physique des Particules, CNRS/IN2P3, Villeurbanne, France
S. Gadrat \cmsinstskipUniversité de Lyon, Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, CNRS-IN2P3, Institut de Physique Nucléaire de Lyon, Villeurbanne, France
S. Beauceron, C. Bernet, G. Boudoul, R. Chierici, D. Contardo, P. Depasse, H. El Mamouni, J. Fay, L. Finco, S. Gascon, M. Gouzevitch, G. Grenier, B. Ille, F. Lagarde, I.B. Laktineh, M. Lethuillier, L. Mirabito, A.L. Pequegnot, S. Perries, A. Popov\cmsAuthorMark13, V. Sordini, M. Vander Donckt, S. Viret \cmsinstskipGeorgian Technical University, Tbilisi, Georgia
A. Khvedelidze\cmsAuthorMark8 \cmsinstskipTbilisi State University, Tbilisi, Georgia
Z. Tsamalaidze\cmsAuthorMark8 \cmsinstskipRWTH Aachen University, I. Physikalisches Institut, Aachen, Germany
C. Autermann, L. Feld, M.K. Kiesel, K. Klein, M. Lipinski, M. Preuten, C. Schomakers, J. Schulz, V. Zhukov\cmsAuthorMark13 \cmsinstskipRWTH Aachen University, III. Physikalisches Institut A, Aachen, Germany
A. Albert, E. Dietz-Laursonn, D. Duchardt, M. Endres, M. Erdmann, S. Erdweg, T. Esch, R. Fischer, A. Güth, M. Hamer, T. Hebbeker, C. Heidemann, K. Hoepfner, S. Knutzen, M. Merschmeyer, A. Meyer, P. Millet, S. Mukherjee, T. Pook, M. Radziej, H. Reithler, M. Rieger, F. Scheuch, D. Teyssier, S. Thüer \cmsinstskipRWTH Aachen University, III. Physikalisches Institut B, Aachen, Germany
G. Flügge, B. Kargoll, T. Kress, A. Künsken, T. Müller, A. Nehrkorn, A. Nowack, C. Pistone, O. Pooth, A. Stahl\cmsAuthorMark14 \cmsinstskipDeutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron, Hamburg, Germany
M. Aldaya Martin, T. Arndt, C. Asawatangtrakuldee, K. Beernaert, O. Behnke, U. Behrens, A. Bermúdez Martínez, A.A. Bin Anuar, K. Borras\cmsAuthorMark15, V. Botta, A. Campbell, P. Connor, C. Contreras-Campana, F. Costanza, C. Diez Pardos, G. Eckerlin, D. Eckstein, T. Eichhorn, E. Eren, E. Gallo\cmsAuthorMark16, J. Garay Garcia, A. Geiser, J.M. Grados Luyando, A. Grohsjean, P. Gunnellini, M. Guthoff, A. Harb, J. Hauk, M. Hempel\cmsAuthorMark17, H. Jung, M. Kasemann, J. Keaveney, C. Kleinwort, I. Korol, D. Krücker, W. Lange, A. Lelek, T. Lenz, J. Leonard, K. Lipka, W. Lohmann\cmsAuthorMark17, R. Mankel, I.-A. Melzer-Pellmann, A.B. Meyer, G. Mittag, J. Mnich, A. Mussgiller, E. Ntomari, D. Pitzl, A. Raspereza, M. Savitskyi, P. Saxena, R. Shevchenko, S. Spannagel, N. Stefaniuk, G.P. Van Onsem, R. Walsh, Y. Wen, K. Wichmann, C. Wissing, O. Zenaiev \cmsinstskipUniversity of Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany
R. Aggleton, S. Bein, V. Blobel, M. Centis Vignali, T. Dreyer, E. Garutti, D. Gonzalez, J. Haller, A. Hinzmann, M. Hoffmann, A. Karavdina, R. Klanner, R. Kogler, N. Kovalchuk, S. Kurz, T. Lapsien, D. Marconi, M. Meyer, M. Niedziela, D. Nowatschin, F. Pantaleo\cmsAuthorMark14, T. Peiffer, A. Perieanu, C. Scharf, P. Schleper, A. Schmidt, S. Schumann, J. Schwandt, J. Sonneveld, H. Stadie, G. Steinbrück, F.M. Stober, M. Stöver, H. Tholen, D. Troendle, E. Usai, A. Vanhoefer, B. Vormwald \cmsinstskipInstitut für Experimentelle Kernphysik, Karlsruhe, Germany
M. Akbiyik, C. Barth, M. Baselga, S. Baur, E. Butz, R. Caspart, T. Chwalek, F. Colombo, W. De Boer, A. Dierlamm, N. Faltermann, B. Freund, R. Friese, M. Giffels, M.A. Harrendorf, F. Hartmann\cmsAuthorMark14, S.M. Heindl, U. Husemann, F. Kassel\cmsAuthorMark14, S. Kudella, H. Mildner, M.U. Mozer, Th. Müller, M. Plagge, G. Quast, K. Rabbertz, M. Schröder, I. Shvetsov, G. Sieber, H.J. Simonis, R. Ulrich, S. Wayand, M. Weber, T. Weiler, S. Williamson, C. Wöhrmann, R. Wolf \cmsinstskipInstitute of Nuclear and Particle Physics (INPP), NCSR Demokritos, Aghia Paraskevi, Greece
G. Anagnostou, G. Daskalakis, T. Geralis, A. Kyriakis, D. Loukas, I. Topsis-Giotis \cmsinstskipNational and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece
G. Karathanasis, S. Kesisoglou, A. Panagiotou, N. Saoulidou \cmsinstskipNational Technical University of Athens, Athens, Greece
K. Kousouris \cmsinstskipUniversity of Ioánnina, Ioánnina, Greece
I. Evangelou, C. Foudas, P. Gianneios, P. Katsoulis, P. Kokkas, S. Mallios, N. Manthos, I. Papadopoulos, E. Paradas, J. Strologas, F.A. Triantis, D. Tsitsonis \cmsinstskipMTA-ELTE Lendület CMS Particle and Nuclear Physics Group, Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary
M. Csanad, N. Filipovic, G. Pasztor, O. Surányi, G.I. Veres\cmsAuthorMark18 \cmsinstskipWigner Research Centre for Physics, Budapest, Hungary
G. Bencze, C. Hajdu, D. Horvath\cmsAuthorMark19, Á. Hunyadi, F. Sikler, V. Veszpremi \cmsinstskipInstitute of Nuclear Research ATOMKI, Debrecen, Hungary
N. Beni, S. Czellar, J. Karancsi\cmsAuthorMark20, A. Makovec, J. Molnar, Z. Szillasi \cmsinstskipInstitute of Physics, University of Debrecen, Debrecen, Hungary
M. Bartók\cmsAuthorMark18, P. Raics, Z.L. Trocsanyi, B. Ujvari \cmsinstskipIndian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore, India
S. Choudhury, J.R. Komaragiri \cmsinstskipNational Institute of Science Education and Research, Bhubaneswar, India
S. Bahinipati\cmsAuthorMark21, S. Bhowmik, P. Mal, K. Mandal, A. Nayak\cmsAuthorMark22, D.K. Sahoo\cmsAuthorMark21, N. Sahoo, S.K. Swain \cmsinstskipPanjab University, Chandigarh, India
S. Bansal, S.B. Beri, V. Bhatnagar, R. Chawla, N. Dhingra, A.K. Kalsi, A. Kaur, M. Kaur, S. Kaur, R. Kumar, P. Kumari, A. Mehta, J.B. Singh, G. Walia \cmsinstskipUniversity of Delhi, Delhi, India
Ashok Kumar, Aashaq Shah, A. Bhardwaj, S. Chauhan, B.C. Choudhary, R.B. Garg, S. Keshri, A. Kumar, S. Malhotra, M. Naimuddin, K. Ranjan, R. Sharma \cmsinstskipSaha Institute of Nuclear Physics, HBNI, Kolkata, India
R. Bhardwaj, R. Bhattacharya, S. Bhattacharya, U. Bhawandeep, S. Dey, S. Dutt, S. Dutta, S. Ghosh, N. Majumdar, A. Modak, K. Mondal, S. Mukhopadhyay, S. Nandan, A. Purohit, A. Roy, S. Roy Chowdhury, S. Sarkar, M. Sharan, S. Thakur \cmsinstskipIndian Institute of Technology Madras, Madras, India
P.K. Behera \cmsinstskipBhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, India
R. Chudasama, D. Dutta, V. Jha, V. Kumar, A.K. Mohanty\cmsAuthorMark14, P.K. Netrakanti, L.M. Pant, P. Shukla, A. Topkar \cmsinstskipTata Institute of Fundamental Research-A, Mumbai, India
T. Aziz, S. Dugad, B. Mahakud, S. Mitra, G.B. Mohanty, N. Sur, B. Sutar \cmsinstskipTata Institute of Fundamental Research-B, Mumbai, India
S. Banerjee, S. Bhattacharya, S. Chatterjee, P. Das, M. Guchait, Sa. Jain, S. Kumar, M. Maity\cmsAuthorMark23, G. Majumder, K. Mazumdar, T. Sarkar\cmsAuthorMark23, N. Wickramage\cmsAuthorMark24 \cmsinstskipIndian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER), Pune, India
S. Chauhan, S. Dube, V. Hegde, A. Kapoor, K. Kothekar, S. Pandey, A. Rane, S. Sharma \cmsinstskipInstitute for Research in Fundamental Sciences (IPM), Tehran, Iran
S. Chenarani\cmsAuthorMark25, E. Eskandari Tadavani, S.M. Etesami\cmsAuthorMark25, M. Khakzad, M. Mohammadi Najafabadi, M. Naseri, S. Paktinat Mehdiabadi\cmsAuthorMark26, F. Rezaei Hosseinabadi, B. Safarzadeh\cmsAuthorMark27, M. Zeinali \cmsinstskipUniversity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland
M. Felcini, M. Grunewald \cmsinstskipINFN Sezione di Bari , Università di Bari , Politecnico di Bari , Bari, Italy
M. Abbrescia, C. Calabria, A. Colaleo, D. Creanza, L. Cristella, N. De Filippis, M. De Palma, F. Errico, L. Fiore, G. Iaselli, S. Lezki, G. Maggi, M. Maggi, G. Miniello, S. My, S. Nuzzo, A. Pompili, G. Pugliese, R. Radogna, A. Ranieri, G. Selvaggi, A. Sharma, L. Silvestris\cmsAuthorMark14, R. Venditti, P. Verwilligen \cmsinstskipINFN Sezione di Bologna , Università di Bologna , Bologna, Italy
G. Abbiendi, C. Battilana, D. Bonacorsi, L. Borgonovi, S. Braibant-Giacomelli, R. Campanini, P. Capiluppi, A. Castro, F.R. Cavallo, S.S. Chhibra, G. Codispoti, M. Cuffiani, G.M. Dallavalle, F. Fabbri, A. Fanfani, D. Fasanella, P. Giacomelli, C. Grandi, L. Guiducci, S. Marcellini, G. Masetti, A. Montanari, F.L. Navarria, A. Perrotta, A.M. Rossi, T. Rovelli, G.P. Siroli, N. Tosi \cmsinstskipINFN Sezione di Catania , Università di Catania , Catania, Italy
S. Albergo, S. Costa, A. Di Mattia, F. Giordano, R. Potenza, A. Tricomi, C. Tuve \cmsinstskipINFN Sezione di Firenze , Università di Firenze , Firenze, Italy
G. Barbagli, K. Chatterjee, V. Ciulli, C. Civinini, R. D’Alessandro, E. Focardi, P. Lenzi, M. Meschini, S. Paoletti, L. Russo\cmsAuthorMark28, G. Sguazzoni, D. Strom, L. Viliani\cmsAuthorMark14 \cmsinstskipINFN Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati, Frascati, Italy
L. Benussi, S. Bianco, F. Fabbri, D. Piccolo, F. Primavera\cmsAuthorMark14 \cmsinstskipINFN Sezione di Genova , Università di Genova , Genova, Italy
V. Calvelli, F. Ferro, F. Ravera, E. Robutti, S. Tosi \cmsinstskipINFN Sezione di Milano-Bicocca , Università di Milano-Bicocca , Milano, Italy
A. Benaglia, A. Beschi, L. Brianza, F. Brivio, V. Ciriolo\cmsAuthorMark14, M.E. Dinardo, S. Fiorendi, S. Gennai, A. Ghezzi, P. Govoni, M. Malberti, S. Malvezzi, R.A. Manzoni, D. Menasce, L. Moroni, M. Paganoni, K. Pauwels, D. Pedrini, S. Pigazzini\cmsAuthorMark29, S. Ragazzi, T. Tabarelli de Fatis \cmsinstskipINFN Sezione di Napoli , Università di Napoli ’Federico II’ , Napoli, Italy, Università della Basilicata , Potenza, Italy, Università G. Marconi , Roma, Italy
S. Buontempo, N. Cavallo, S. Di Guida\cmsAuthorMark14, F. Fabozzi, F. Fienga, A.O.M. Iorio, W.A. Khan, L. Lista, S. Meola\cmsAuthorMark14, P. Paolucci\cmsAuthorMark14, C. Sciacca, F. Thyssen \cmsinstskipINFN Sezione di Padova , Università di Padova , Padova, Italy, Università di Trento , Trento, Italy
P. Azzi, N. Bacchetta, L. Benato, D. Bisello, A. Boletti, R. Carlin, A. Carvalho Antunes De Oliveira, P. Checchia, P. De Castro Manzano, T. Dorigo, U. Dosselli, F. Gasparini, S. Lacaprara, P. Lujan, M. Margoni, G. Maron\cmsAuthorMark30, A.T. Meneguzzo, N. Pozzobon, P. Ronchese, R. Rossin, E. Torassa, S. Ventura, M. Zanetti, P. Zotto, G. Zumerle \cmsinstskipINFN Sezione di Pavia , Università di Pavia , Pavia, Italy
A. Braghieri, A. Magnani, P. Montagna, S.P. Ratti, V. Re, M. Ressegotti, C. Riccardi, P. Salvini, I. Vai, P. Vitulo \cmsinstskipINFN Sezione di Perugia , Università di Perugia , Perugia, Italy
L. Alunni Solestizi, M. Biasini, G.M. Bilei, C. Cecchi, D. Ciangottini, L. Fanò, R. Leonardi, E. Manoni, G. Mantovani, V. Mariani, M. Menichelli, A. Rossi, A. Santocchia, D. Spiga \cmsinstskipINFN Sezione di Pisa , Università di Pisa , Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa , Pisa, Italy
K. Androsov, P. Azzurri\cmsAuthorMark14, G. Bagliesi, T. Boccali, L. Borrello, R. Castaldi, M.A. Ciocci, R. Dell’Orso, G. Fedi, L. Giannini, A. Giassi, M.T. Grippo\cmsAuthorMark28, F. Ligabue, T. Lomtadze, E. Manca, G. Mandorli, A. Messineo, F. Palla, A. Rizzi, A. Savoy-Navarro\cmsAuthorMark31, P. Spagnolo, R. Tenchini, G. Tonelli, A. Venturi, P.G. Verdini \cmsinstskipINFN Sezione di Roma , Sapienza Università di Roma , Rome, Italy
L. Barone, F. Cavallari, M. Cipriani, N. Daci, D. Del Re\cmsAuthorMark14, E. Di Marco, M. Diemoz, S. Gelli, E. Longo, F. Margaroli, B. Marzocchi, P. Meridiani, G. Organtini, R. Paramatti, F. Preiato, S. Rahatlou, C. Rovelli, F. Santanastasio \cmsinstskipINFN Sezione di Torino , Università di Torino , Torino, Italy, Università del Piemonte Orientale , Novara, Italy
N. Amapane, R. Arcidiacono, S. Argiro, M. Arneodo, N. Bartosik, R. Bellan, C. Biino, N. Cartiglia, F. Cenna, M. Costa, R. Covarelli, A. Degano, N. Demaria, B. Kiani, C. Mariotti, S. Maselli, E. Migliore, V. Monaco, E. Monteil, M. Monteno, M.M. Obertino, L. Pacher, N. Pastrone, M. Pelliccioni, G.L. Pinna Angioni, A. Romero, M. Ruspa, R. Sacchi, K. Shchelina, V. Sola, A. Solano, A. Staiano, P. Traczyk \cmsinstskipINFN Sezione di Trieste , Università di Trieste , Trieste, Italy
S. Belforte, M. Casarsa, F. Cossutti, G. Della Ricca, A. Zanetti \cmsinstskipKyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea
D.H. Kim, G.N. Kim, M.S. Kim, J. Lee, S. Lee, S.W. Lee, C.S. Moon, Y.D. Oh, S. Sekmen, D.C. Son, Y.C. Yang \cmsinstskipChonbuk National University, Jeonju, Korea
A. Lee \cmsinstskipChonnam National University, Institute for Universe and Elementary Particles, Kwangju, Korea
H. Kim, D.H. Moon, G. Oh \cmsinstskipHanyang University, Seoul, Korea
J.A. Brochero Cifuentes, J. Goh, T.J. Kim \cmsinstskipKorea University, Seoul, Korea
S. Cho, S. Choi, Y. Go, D. Gyun, S. Ha, B. Hong, Y. Jo, Y. Kim, K. Lee, K.S. Lee, S. Lee, J. Lim, S.K. Park, Y. Roh \cmsinstskipSeoul National University, Seoul, Korea
J. Almond, J. Kim, J.S. Kim, H. Lee, K. Lee, K. Nam, S.B. Oh, B.C. Radburn-Smith, S.h. Seo, U.K. Yang, H.D. Yoo, G.B. Yu \cmsinstskipUniversity of Seoul, Seoul, Korea
H. Kim, J.H. Kim, J.S.H. Lee, I.C. Park \cmsinstskipSungkyunkwan University, Suwon, Korea
Y. Choi, C. Hwang, J. Lee, I. Yu \cmsinstskipVilnius University, Vilnius, Lithuania
V. Dudenas, A. Juodagalvis, J. Vaitkus \cmsinstskipNational Centre for Particle Physics, Universiti Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
I. Ahmed, Z.A. Ibrahim, M.A.B. Md Ali\cmsAuthorMark32, F. Mohamad Idris\cmsAuthorMark33, W.A.T. Wan Abdullah, M.N. Yusli, Z. Zolkapli \cmsinstskipCentro de Investigacion y de Estudios Avanzados del IPN, Mexico City, Mexico
Reyes-Almanza, R, Ramirez-Sanchez, G., Duran-Osuna, M. C., H. Castilla-Valdez, E. De La Cruz-Burelo, I. Heredia-De La Cruz\cmsAuthorMark34, Rabadan-Trejo, R. I., R. Lopez-Fernandez, J. Mejia Guisao, A. Sanchez-Hernandez \cmsinstskipUniversidad Iberoamericana, Mexico City, Mexico
S. Carrillo Moreno, C. Oropeza Barrera, F. Vazquez Valencia \cmsinstskipBenemerita Universidad Autonoma de Puebla, Puebla, Mexico
J. Eysermans, I. Pedraza, H.A. Salazar Ibarguen, C. Uribe Estrada \cmsinstskipUniversidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí, San Luis Potosí, Mexico
A. Morelos Pineda \cmsinstskipUniversity of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
D. Krofcheck \cmsinstskipUniversity of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand
P.H. Butler \cmsinstskipNational Centre for Physics, Quaid-I-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan
A. Ahmad, M. Ahmad, Q. Hassan, H.R. Hoorani, A. Saddique, M.A. Shah, M. Shoaib, M. Waqas \cmsinstskipNational Centre for Nuclear Research, Swierk, Poland
H. Bialkowska, M. Bluj, B. Boimska, T. Frueboes, M. Górski, M. Kazana, K. Nawrocki, M. Szleper, P. Zalewski \cmsinstskipInstitute of Experimental Physics, Faculty of Physics, University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland
K. Bunkowski, A. Byszuk\cmsAuthorMark35, K. Doroba, A. Kalinowski, M. Konecki, J. Krolikowski, M. Misiura, M. Olszewski, A. Pyskir, M. Walczak \cmsinstskipLaboratório de Instrumentação e Física Experimental de Partículas, Lisboa, Portugal
P. Bargassa, C. Beirão Da Cruz E Silva, A. Di Francesco, P. Faccioli, B. Galinhas, M. Gallinaro, J. Hollar, N. Leonardo, L. Lloret Iglesias, M.V. Nemallapudi, J. Seixas, G. Strong, O. Toldaiev, D. Vadruccio, J. Varela \cmsinstskipJoint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna, Russia
V. Alexakhin, P. Bunin, A. Golunov, I. Golutvin, N. Gorbounov, A. Kamenev, V. Karjavin, A. Lanev, A. Malakhov, V. Matveev\cmsAuthorMark36\cmsAuthorMark37, V. Palichik, V. Perelygin, M. Savina, S. Shmatov, S. Shulha, N. Skatchkov, V. Smirnov, A. Zarubin \cmsinstskipPetersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, Gatchina (St. Petersburg), Russia
Y. Ivanov, V. Kim\cmsAuthorMark38, E. Kuznetsova\cmsAuthorMark39, P. Levchenko, V. Murzin, V. Oreshkin, I. Smirnov, D. Sosnov, V. Sulimov, L. Uvarov, S. Vavilov, A. Vorobyev \cmsinstskipInstitute for Nuclear Research, Moscow, Russia
Yu. Andreev, A. Dermenev, S. Gninenko, N. Golubev, A. Karneyeu, M. Kirsanov, N. Krasnikov, A. Pashenkov, D. Tlisov, A. Toropin \cmsinstskipInstitute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics, Moscow, Russia
V. Epshteyn, V. Gavrilov, N. Lychkovskaya, V. Popov, I. Pozdnyakov, G. Safronov, A. Spiridonov, A. Stepennov, M. Toms, E. Vlasov, A. Zhokin \cmsinstskipMoscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Moscow, Russia
T. Aushev, A. Bylinkin\cmsAuthorMark37 \cmsinstskipNational Research Nuclear University ’Moscow Engineering Physics Institute’ (MEPhI), Moscow, Russia
R. Chistov\cmsAuthorMark40, M. Danilov\cmsAuthorMark40, P. Parygin, D. Philippov, S. Polikarpov, E. Tarkovskii \cmsinstskipP.N. Lebedev Physical Institute, Moscow, Russia
V. Andreev, M. Azarkin\cmsAuthorMark37, I. Dremin\cmsAuthorMark37, M. Kirakosyan\cmsAuthorMark37, A. Terkulov \cmsinstskipSkobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
A. Baskakov, A. Belyaev, E. Boos, V. Bunichev, M. Dubinin\cmsAuthorMark41, L. Dudko, A. Ershov, A. Gribushin, V. Klyukhin, O. Kodolova, I. Lokhtin, I. Miagkov, S. Obraztsov, S. Petrushanko, V. Savrin \cmsinstskipNovosibirsk State University (NSU), Novosibirsk, Russia
V. Blinov\cmsAuthorMark42, Y.Skovpen\cmsAuthorMark42, D. Shtol\cmsAuthorMark42 \cmsinstskipState Research Center of Russian Federation, Institute for High Energy Physics, Protvino, Russia
I. Azhgirey, I. Bayshev, S. Bitioukov, D. Elumakhov, A. Godizov, V. Kachanov, A. Kalinin, D. Konstantinov, P. Mandrik, V. Petrov, R. Ryutin, A. Sobol, S. Troshin, N. Tyurin, A. Uzunian, A. Volkov \cmsinstskipUniversity of Belgrade, Faculty of Physics and Vinca Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Belgrade, Serbia
P. Adzic\cmsAuthorMark43, P. Cirkovic, D. Devetak, M. Dordevic, J. Milosevic, V. Rekovic \cmsinstskipCentro de Investigaciones Energéticas Medioambientales y Tecnológicas (CIEMAT), Madrid, Spain
J. Alcaraz Maestre, I. Bachiller, M. Barrio Luna, M. Cerrada, N. Colino, B. De La Cruz, A. Delgado Peris, A. Escalante Del Valle, C. Fernandez Bedoya, J.P. Fernández Ramos, J. Flix, M.C. Fouz, O. Gonzalez Lopez, S. Goy Lopez, J.M. Hernandez, M.I. Josa, D. Moran, A. Pérez-Calero Yzquierdo, J. Puerta Pelayo, A. Quintario Olmeda, I. Redondo, L. Romero, M.S. Soares, A. Álvarez Fernández \cmsinstskipUniversidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
C. Albajar, J.F. de Trocóniz, M. Missiroli \cmsinstskipUniversidad de Oviedo, Oviedo, Spain
J. Cuevas, C. Erice, J. Fernandez Menendez, I. Gonzalez Caballero, J.R. González Fernández, E. Palencia Cortezon, S. Sanchez Cruz, P. Vischia, J.M. Vizan Garcia \cmsinstskipInstituto de Física de Cantabria (IFCA), CSIC-Universidad de Cantabria, Santander, Spain
I.J. Cabrillo, A. Calderon, B. Chazin Quero, E. Curras, J. Duarte Campderros, M. Fernandez, J. Garcia-Ferrero, G. Gomez, A. Lopez Virto, J. Marco, C. Martinez Rivero, P. Martinez Ruiz del Arbol, F. Matorras, J. Piedra Gomez, T. Rodrigo, A. Ruiz-Jimeno, L. Scodellaro, N. Trevisani, I. Vila, R. Vilar Cortabitarte \cmsinstskipCERN, European Organization for Nuclear Research, Geneva, Switzerland
D. Abbaneo, B. Akgun, E. Auffray, P. Baillon, A.H. Ball, D. Barney, J. Bendavid, M. Bianco, P. Bloch, A. Bocci, C. Botta, T. Camporesi, R. Castello, M. Cepeda, G. Cerminara, E. Chapon, Y. Chen, D. d’Enterria, A. Dabrowski, V. Daponte, A. David, M. De Gruttola, A. De Roeck, N. Deelen, M. Dobson, T. du Pree, M. Dünser, N. Dupont, A. Elliott-Peisert, P. Everaerts, F. Fallavollita, G. Franzoni, J. Fulcher, W. Funk, D. Gigi, A. Gilbert, K. Gill, F. Glege, D. Gulhan, P. Harris, J. Hegeman, V. Innocente, A. Jafari, P. Janot, O. Karacheban\cmsAuthorMark17, J. Kieseler, V. Knünz, A. Kornmayer, M.J. Kortelainen, M. Krammer\cmsAuthorMark1, C. Lange, P. Lecoq, C. Lourenço, M.T. Lucchini, L. Malgeri, M. Mannelli, A. Martelli, F. Meijers, J.A. Merlin, S. Mersi, E. Meschi, P. Milenovic\cmsAuthorMark44, F. Moortgat, M. Mulders, H. Neugebauer, J. Ngadiuba, S. Orfanelli, L. Orsini, L. Pape, E. Perez, M. Peruzzi, A. Petrilli, G. Petrucciani, A. Pfeiffer, M. Pierini, D. Rabady, A. Racz, T. Reis, G. Rolandi\cmsAuthorMark45, M. Rovere, H. Sakulin, C. Schäfer, C. Schwick, M. Seidel, M. Selvaggi, A. Sharma, P. Silva, P. Sphicas\cmsAuthorMark46, A. Stakia, J. Steggemann, M. Stoye, M. Tosi, D. Treille, A. Triossi, A. Tsirou, V. Veckalns\cmsAuthorMark47, M. Verweij, W.D. Zeuner \cmsinstskipPaul Scherrer Institut, Villigen, Switzerland
W. Bertl, L. Caminada\cmsAuthorMark48, K. Deiters, W. Erdmann, R. Horisberger, Q. Ingram, H.C. Kaestli, D. Kotlinski, U. Langenegger, T. Rohe, S.A. Wiederkehr \cmsinstskipETH Zurich - Institute for Particle Physics and Astrophysics (IPA), Zurich, Switzerland
M. Backhaus, L. Bäni, P. Berger, L. Bianchini, B. Casal, G. Dissertori, M. Dittmar, M. Donegà, C. Dorfer, C. Grab, C. Heidegger, D. Hits, J. Hoss, G. Kasieczka, T. Klijnsma, W. Lustermann, B. Mangano, M. Marionneau, M.T. Meinhard, D. Meister, F. Micheli, P. Musella, F. Nessi-Tedaldi, F. Pandolfi, J. Pata, F. Pauss, G. Perrin, L. Perrozzi, M. Quittnat, M. Reichmann, D.A. Sanz Becerra, M. Schönenberger, L. Shchutska, V.R. Tavolaro, K. Theofilatos, M.L. Vesterbacka Olsson, R. Wallny, D.H. Zhu \cmsinstskipUniversität Zürich, Zurich, Switzerland
T.K. Aarrestad, C. Amsler\cmsAuthorMark49, M.F. Canelli, A. De Cosa, R. Del Burgo, S. Donato, C. Galloni, T. Hreus, B. Kilminster, D. Pinna, G. Rauco, P. Robmann, D. Salerno, K. Schweiger, C. Seitz, Y. Takahashi, A. Zucchetta \cmsinstskipNational Central University, Chung-Li, Taiwan
V. Candelise, Y.H. Chang, K.y. Cheng, T.H. Doan, Sh. Jain, R. Khurana, C.M. Kuo, W. Lin, A. Pozdnyakov, S.S. Yu \cmsinstskipNational Taiwan University (NTU), Taipei, Taiwan
Arun Kumar, P. Chang, Y. Chao, K.F. Chen, P.H. Chen, F. Fiori, W.-S. Hou, Y. Hsiung, Y.F. Liu, R.-S. Lu, E. Paganis, A. Psallidas, A. Steen, J.f. Tsai \cmsinstskipChulalongkorn University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics, Bangkok, Thailand
B. Asavapibhop, K. Kovitanggoon, G. Singh, N. Srimanobhas \cmsinstskipÇukurova University, Physics Department, Science and Art Faculty, Adana, Turkey
M.N. Bakirci\cmsAuthorMark50, A. Bat, F. Boran, S. Cerci\cmsAuthorMark51, S. Damarseckin, Z.S. Demiroglu, C. Dozen, E. Eskut, S. Girgis, G. Gokbulut, Y. Guler, I. Hos\cmsAuthorMark52, E.E. Kangal\cmsAuthorMark53, O. Kara, U. Kiminsu, M. Oglakci, G. Onengut\cmsAuthorMark54, K. Ozdemir\cmsAuthorMark55, S. Ozturk\cmsAuthorMark50, A. Polatoz, U.G. Tok, S. Turkcapar, I.S. Zorbakir, C. Zorbilmez \cmsinstskipMiddle East Technical University, Physics Department, Ankara, Turkey
B. Bilin, G. Karapinar\cmsAuthorMark56, K. Ocalan\cmsAuthorMark57, M. Yalvac, M. Zeyrek \cmsinstskipBogazici University, Istanbul, Turkey
E. Gülmez, M. Kaya\cmsAuthorMark58, O. Kaya\cmsAuthorMark59, S. Tekten, E.A. Yetkin\cmsAuthorMark60 \cmsinstskipIstanbul Technical University, Istanbul, Turkey
M.N. Agaras, S. Atay, A. Cakir, K. Cankocak, I. Köseoglu \cmsinstskipInstitute for Scintillation Materials of National Academy of Science of Ukraine, Kharkov, Ukraine
B. Grynyov \cmsinstskipNational Scientific Center, Kharkov Institute of Physics and Technology, Kharkov, Ukraine
L. Levchuk \cmsinstskipUniversity of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom
F. Ball, L. Beck, J.J. Brooke, D. Burns, E. Clement, D. Cussans, O. Davignon, H. Flacher, J. Goldstein, G.P. Heath, H.F. Heath, L. Kreczko, D.M. Newbold\cmsAuthorMark61, S. Paramesvaran, T. Sakuma, S. Seif El Nasr-storey, D. Smith, V.J. Smith \cmsinstskipRutherford Appleton Laboratory, Didcot, United Kingdom
K.W. Bell, A. Belyaev\cmsAuthorMark62, C. Brew, R.M. Brown, L. Calligaris, D. Cieri, D.J.A. Cockerill, J.A. Coughlan, K. Harder, S. Harper, J. Linacre, E. Olaiya, D. Petyt, C.H. Shepherd-Themistocleous, A. Thea, I.R. Tomalin, T. Williams \cmsinstskipImperial College, London, United Kingdom
G. Auzinger, R. Bainbridge, J. Borg, S. Breeze, O. Buchmuller, A. Bundock, S. Casasso, M. Citron, D. Colling, L. Corpe, P. Dauncey, G. Davies, A. De Wit, M. Della Negra, R. Di Maria, A. Elwood, Y. Haddad, G. Hall, G. Iles, T. James, R. Lane, C. Laner, L. Lyons, A.-M. Magnan, S. Malik, L. Mastrolorenzo, T. Matsushita, J. Nash, A. Nikitenko\cmsAuthorMark7, V. Palladino, M. Pesaresi, D.M. Raymond, A. Richards, A. Rose, E. Scott, C. Seez, A. Shtipliyski, S. Summers, A. Tapper, K. Uchida, M. Vazquez Acosta\cmsAuthorMark63, T. Virdee\cmsAuthorMark14, N. Wardle, D. Winterbottom, J. Wright, S.C. Zenz \cmsinstskipBrunel University, Uxbridge, United Kingdom
J.E. Cole, P.R. Hobson, A. Khan, P. Kyberd, I.D. Reid, L. Teodorescu, S. Zahid \cmsinstskipBaylor University, Waco, USA
A. Borzou, K. Call, J. Dittmann, K. Hatakeyama, H. Liu, N. Pastika, C. Smith \cmsinstskipCatholic University of America, Washington DC, USA
R. Bartek, A. Dominguez \cmsinstskipThe University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, USA
A. Buccilli, S.I. Cooper, C. Henderson, P. Rumerio, C. West \cmsinstskipBoston University, Boston, USA
D. Arcaro, A. Avetisyan, T. Bose, D. Gastler, D. Rankin, C. Richardson, J. Rohlf, L. Sulak, D. Zou \cmsinstskipBrown University, Providence, USA
G. Benelli, D. Cutts, A. Garabedian, M. Hadley, J. Hakala, U. Heintz, J.M. Hogan, K.H.M. Kwok, E. Laird, G. Landsberg, J. Lee, Z. Mao, M. Narain, J. Pazzini, S. Piperov, S. Sagir, R. Syarif, D. Yu \cmsinstskipUniversity of California, Davis, Davis, USA
R. Band, C. Brainerd, R. Breedon, D. Burns, M. Calderon De La Barca Sanchez, M. Chertok, J. Conway, R. Conway, P.T. Cox, R. Erbacher, C. Flores, G. Funk, W. Ko, R. Lander, C. Mclean, M. Mulhearn, D. Pellett, J. Pilot, S. Shalhout, M. Shi, J. Smith, D. Stolp, K. Tos, M. Tripathi, Z. Wang \cmsinstskipUniversity of California, Los Angeles, USA
M. Bachtis, C. Bravo, R. Cousins, A. Dasgupta, A. Florent, J. Hauser, M. Ignatenko, N. Mccoll, S. Regnard, D. Saltzberg, C. Schnaible, V. Valuev \cmsinstskipUniversity of California, Riverside, Riverside, USA
E. Bouvier, K. Burt, R. Clare, J. Ellison, J.W. Gary, S.M.A. Ghiasi Shirazi, G. Hanson, J. Heilman, G. Karapostoli, E. Kennedy, F. Lacroix, O.R. Long, M. Olmedo Negrete, M.I. Paneva, W. Si, L. Wang, H. Wei, S. Wimpenny, B. R. Yates \cmsinstskipUniversity of California, San Diego, La Jolla, USA
J.G. Branson, S. Cittolin, M. Derdzinski, R. Gerosa, D. Gilbert, B. Hashemi, A. Holzner, D. Klein, G. Kole, V. Krutelyov, J. Letts, I. Macneill, M. Masciovecchio, D. Olivito, S. Padhi, M. Pieri, M. Sani, V. Sharma, S. Simon, M. Tadel, A. Vartak, S. Wasserbaech\cmsAuthorMark64, J. Wood, F. Würthwein, A. Yagil, G. Zevi Della Porta \cmsinstskipUniversity of California, Santa Barbara - Department of Physics, Santa Barbara, USA
N. Amin, R. Bhandari, J. Bradmiller-Feld, C. Campagnari, A. Dishaw, V. Dutta, M. Franco Sevilla, F. Golf, L. Gouskos, R. Heller, J. Incandela, A. Ovcharova, H. Qu, J. Richman, D. Stuart, I. Suarez, J. Yoo \cmsinstskipCalifornia Institute of Technology, Pasadena, USA
D. Anderson, A. Bornheim, J.M. Lawhorn, H.B. Newman, T. Nguyen, C. Pena, M. Spiropulu, J.R. Vlimant, S. Xie, Z. Zhang, R.Y. Zhu \cmsinstskipCarnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, USA
M.B. Andrews, T. Ferguson, T. Mudholkar, M. Paulini, J. Russ, M. Sun, H. Vogel, I. Vorobiev, M. Weinberg \cmsinstskipUniversity of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, USA
J.P. Cumalat, W.T. Ford, F. Jensen, A. Johnson, M. Krohn, S. Leontsinis, T. Mulholland, K. Stenson, S.R. Wagner \cmsinstskipCornell University, Ithaca, USA
J. Alexander, J. Chaves, J. Chu, S. Dittmer, K. Mcdermott, N. Mirman, J.R. Patterson, D. Quach, A. Rinkevicius, A. Ryd, L. Skinnari, L. Soffi, S.M. Tan, Z. Tao, J. Thom, J. Tucker, P. Wittich, M. Zientek \cmsinstskipFermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Batavia, USA
S. Abdullin, M. Albrow, M. Alyari, G. Apollinari, A. Apresyan, A. Apyan, S. Banerjee, L.A.T. Bauerdick, A. Beretvas, J. Berryhill, P.C. Bhat, G. Bolla, K. Burkett, J.N. Butler, A. Canepa, G.B. Cerati, H.W.K. Cheung, F. Chlebana, M. Cremonesi, J. Duarte, V.D. Elvira, J. Freeman, Z. Gecse, E. Gottschalk, L. Gray, D. Green, S. Grünendahl, O. Gutsche, R.M. Harris, S. Hasegawa, J. Hirschauer, Z. Hu, B. Jayatilaka, S. Jindariani, M. Johnson, U. Joshi, B. Klima, B. Kreis, S. Lammel, D. Lincoln, R. Lipton, M. Liu, T. Liu, R. Lopes De Sá, J. Lykken, K. Maeshima, N. Magini, J.M. Marraffino, D. Mason, P. McBride, P. Merkel, S. Mrenna, S. Nahn, V. O’Dell, K. Pedro, O. Prokofyev, G. Rakness, L. Ristori, B. Schneider, E. Sexton-Kennedy, A. Soha, W.J. Spalding, L. Spiegel, S. Stoynev, J. Strait, N. Strobbe, L. Taylor, S. Tkaczyk, N.V. Tran, L. Uplegger, E.W. Vaandering, C. Vernieri, M. Verzocchi, R. Vidal, M. Wang, H.A. Weber, A. Whitbeck \cmsinstskipUniversity of Florida, Gainesville, USA
D. Acosta, P. Avery, P. Bortignon, D. Bourilkov, A. Brinkerhoff, A. Carnes, M. Carver, D. Curry, R.D. Field, I.K. Furic, S.V. Gleyzer, B.M. Joshi, J. Konigsberg, A. Korytov, K. Kotov, P. Ma, K. Matchev, H. Mei, G. Mitselmakher, K. Shi, D. Sperka, N. Terentyev, L. Thomas, J. Wang, S. Wang, J. Yelton \cmsinstskipFlorida International University, Miami, USA
Y.R. Joshi, S. Linn, P. Markowitz, J.L. Rodriguez \cmsinstskipFlorida State University, Tallahassee, USA
A. Ackert, T. Adams, A. Askew, S. Hagopian, V. Hagopian, K.F. Johnson, T. Kolberg, G. Martinez, T. Perry, H. Prosper, A. Saha, A. Santra, V. Sharma, R. Yohay \cmsinstskipFlorida Institute of Technology, Melbourne, USA
M.M. Baarmand, V. Bhopatkar, S. Colafranceschi, M. Hohlmann, D. Noonan, T. Roy, F. Yumiceva \cmsinstskipUniversity of Illinois at Chicago (UIC), Chicago, USA
M.R. Adams, L. Apanasevich, D. Berry, R.R. Betts, R. Cavanaugh, X. Chen, O. Evdokimov, C.E. Gerber, D.A. Hangal, D.J. Hofman, K. Jung, J. Kamin, I.D. Sandoval Gonzalez, M.B. Tonjes, H. Trauger, N. Varelas, H. Wang, Z. Wu, J. Zhang \cmsinstskipThe University of Iowa, Iowa City, USA
B. Bilki\cmsAuthorMark65, W. Clarida, K. Dilsiz\cmsAuthorMark66, S. Durgut, R.P. Gandrajula, M. Haytmyradov, V. Khristenko, J.-P. Merlo, H. Mermerkaya\cmsAuthorMark67, A. Mestvirishvili, A. Moeller, J. Nachtman, H. Ogul\cmsAuthorMark68, Y. Onel, F. Ozok\cmsAuthorMark69, A. Penzo, C. Snyder, E. Tiras, J. Wetzel, K. Yi \cmsinstskipJohns Hopkins University, Baltimore, USA
B. Blumenfeld, A. Cocoros, N. Eminizer, D. Fehling, L. Feng, A.V. Gritsan, P. Maksimovic, J. Roskes, U. Sarica, M. Swartz, M. Xiao, C. You \cmsinstskipThe University of Kansas, Lawrence, USA
A. Al-bataineh, P. Baringer, A. Bean, S. Boren, J. Bowen, J. Castle, S. Khalil, A. Kropivnitskaya, D. Majumder, W. Mcbrayer, M. Murray, C. Royon, S. Sanders, E. Schmitz, J.D. Tapia Takaki, Q. Wang \cmsinstskipKansas State University, Manhattan, USA
A. Ivanov, K. Kaadze, Y. Maravin, A. Mohammadi, L.K. Saini, N. Skhirtladze, S. Toda \cmsinstskipLawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, USA
F. Rebassoo, D. Wright \cmsinstskipUniversity of Maryland, College Park, USA
C. Anelli, A. Baden, O. Baron, A. Belloni, S.C. Eno, Y. Feng, C. Ferraioli, N.J. Hadley, S. Jabeen, G.Y. Jeng, R.G. Kellogg, J. Kunkle, A.C. Mignerey, F. Ricci-Tam, Y.H. Shin, A. Skuja, S.C. Tonwar \cmsinstskipMassachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, USA
D. Abercrombie, B. Allen, V. Azzolini, R. Barbieri, A. Baty, R. Bi, S. Brandt, W. Busza, I.A. Cali, M. D’Alfonso, Z. Demiragli, G. Gomez Ceballos, M. Goncharov, D. Hsu, M. Hu, Y. Iiyama, G.M. Innocenti, M. Klute, D. Kovalskyi, Y.S. Lai, Y.-J. Lee, A. Levin, P.D. Luckey, B. Maier, A.C. Marini, C. Mcginn, C. Mironov, S. Narayanan, X. Niu, C. Paus, C. Roland, G. Roland, J. Salfeld-Nebgen, G.S.F. Stephans, K. Tatar, D. Velicanu, J. Wang, T.W. Wang, B. Wyslouch \cmsinstskipUniversity of Minnesota, Minneapolis, USA
A.C. Benvenuti, R.M. Chatterjee, A. Evans, P. Hansen, J. Hiltbrand, S. Kalafut, Y. Kubota, Z. Lesko, J. Mans, S. Nourbakhsh, N. Ruckstuhl, R. Rusack, J. Turkewitz, M.A. Wadud \cmsinstskipUniversity of Mississippi, Oxford, USA
J.G. Acosta, S. Oliveros \cmsinstskipUniversity of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, USA
E. Avdeeva, K. Bloom, D.R. Claes, C. Fangmeier, R. Gonzalez Suarez, R. Kamalieddin, I. Kravchenko, J. Monroy, J.E. Siado, G.R. Snow, B. Stieger \cmsinstskipState University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, USA
J. Dolen, A. Godshalk, C. Harrington, I. Iashvili, D. Nguyen, A. Parker, S. Rappoccio, B. Roozbahani \cmsinstskipNortheastern University, Boston, USA
G. Alverson, E. Barberis, C. Freer, A. Hortiangtham, A. Massironi, D.M. Morse, T. Orimoto, R. Teixeira De Lima, D. Trocino, T. Wamorkar, B. Wang, A. Wisecarver, D. Wood \cmsinstskipNorthwestern University, Evanston, USA
S. Bhattacharya, O. Charaf, K.A. Hahn, N. Mucia, N. Odell, M.H. Schmitt, K. Sung, M. Trovato, M. Velasco \cmsinstskipUniversity of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, USA
R. Bucci, N. Dev, M. Hildreth, K. Hurtado Anampa, C. Jessop, D.J. Karmgard, N. Kellams, K. Lannon, W. Li, N. Loukas, N. Marinelli, F. Meng, C. Mueller, Y. Musienko\cmsAuthorMark36, M. Planer, A. Reinsvold, R. Ruchti, P. Siddireddy, G. Smith, S. Taroni, M. Wayne, A. Wightman, M. Wolf, A. Woodard \cmsinstskipThe Ohio State University, Columbus, USA
J. Alimena, L. Antonelli, B. Bylsma, L.S. Durkin, S. Flowers, B. Francis, A. Hart, C. Hill, W. Ji, B. Liu, W. Luo, B.L. Winer, H.W. Wulsin \cmsinstskipPrinceton University, Princeton, USA
S. Cooperstein, O. Driga, P. Elmer, J. Hardenbrook, P. Hebda, S. Higginbotham, A. Kalogeropoulos, D. Lange, J. Luo, D. Marlow, K. Mei, I. Ojalvo, J. Olsen, C. Palmer, P. Piroué, D. Stickland, C. Tully \cmsinstskipUniversity of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez, USA
S. Malik, S. Norberg \cmsinstskipPurdue University, West Lafayette, USA
A. Barker, V.E. Barnes, S. Das, S. Folgueras, L. Gutay, M.K. Jha, M. Jones, A.W. Jung, A. Khatiwada, D.H. Miller, N. Neumeister, C.C. Peng, H. Qiu, J.F. Schulte, J. Sun, F. Wang, R. Xiao, W. Xie \cmsinstskipPurdue University Northwest, Hammond, USA
T. Cheng, N. Parashar, J. Stupak \cmsinstskipRice University, Houston, USA
Z. Chen, K.M. Ecklund, S. Freed, F.J.M. Geurts, M. Guilbaud, M. Kilpatrick, W. Li, B. Michlin, B.P. Padley, J. Roberts, J. Rorie, W. Shi, Z. Tu, J. Zabel, A. Zhang \cmsinstskipUniversity of Rochester, Rochester, USA
A. Bodek, P. de Barbaro, R. Demina, Y.t. Duh, T. Ferbel, M. Galanti, A. Garcia-Bellido, J. Han, O. Hindrichs, A. Khukhunaishvili, K.H. Lo, P. Tan, M. Verzetti \cmsinstskipThe Rockefeller University, New York, USA
R. Ciesielski, K. Goulianos, C. Mesropian \cmsinstskipRutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Piscataway, USA
A. Agapitos, J.P. Chou, Y. Gershtein, T.A. Gómez Espinosa, E. Halkiadakis, M. Heindl, E. Hughes, S. Kaplan, R. Kunnawalkam Elayavalli, S. Kyriacou, A. Lath, R. Montalvo, K. Nash, M. Osherson, H. Saka, S. Salur, S. Schnetzer, D. Sheffield, S. Somalwar, R. Stone, S. Thomas, P. Thomassen, M. Walker \cmsinstskipUniversity of Tennessee, Knoxville, USA
A.G. Delannoy, M. Foerster, J. Heideman, G. Riley, K. Rose, S. Spanier, K. Thapa \cmsinstskipTexas A&M University, College Station, USA
O. Bouhali\cmsAuthorMark70, A. Castaneda Hernandez\cmsAuthorMark70, A. Celik, M. Dalchenko, M. De Mattia, A. Delgado, S. Dildick, R. Eusebi, J. Gilmore, T. Huang, T. Kamon\cmsAuthorMark71, R. Mueller, Y. Pakhotin, R. Patel, A. Perloff, L. Perniè, D. Rathjens, A. Safonov, A. Tatarinov, K.A. Ulmer \cmsinstskipTexas Tech University, Lubbock, USA
N. Akchurin, J. Damgov, F. De Guio, P.R. Dudero, J. Faulkner, E. Gurpinar, S. Kunori, K. Lamichhane, S.W. Lee, T. Libeiro, T. Mengke, S. Muthumuni, T. Peltola, S. Undleeb, I. Volobouev, Z. Wang \cmsinstskipVanderbilt University, Nashville, USA
S. Greene, A. Gurrola, R. Janjam, W. Johns, C. Maguire, A. Melo, H. Ni, K. Padeken, P. Sheldon, S. Tuo, J. Velkovska, Q. Xu \cmsinstskipUniversity of Virginia, Charlottesville, USA
M.W. Arenton, P. Barria, B. Cox, R. Hirosky, M. Joyce, A. Ledovskoy, H. Li, C. Neu, T. Sinthuprasith, Y. Wang, E. Wolfe, F. Xia \cmsinstskipWayne State University, Detroit, USA
R. Harr, P.E. Karchin, N. Poudyal, J. Sturdy, P. Thapa, S. Zaleski \cmsinstskipUniversity of Wisconsin - Madison, Madison, WI, USA
M. Brodski, J. Buchanan, C. Caillol, S. Dasu, L. Dodd, S. Duric, B. Gomber, M. Grothe, M. Herndon, A. Hervé, U. Hussain, P. Klabbers, A. Lanaro, A. Levine, K. Long, R. Loveless, T. Ruggles, A. Savin, N. Smith, W.H. Smith, D. Taylor, N. Woods \cmsinstskip†: Deceased
1: Also at Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria
2: Also at State Key Laboratory of Nuclear Physics and Technology, Peking University, Beijing, China
3: Also at IRFU, CEA, Université Paris-Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
4: Also at Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, Brazil
5: Also at Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil
6: Also at Université Libre de Bruxelles, Bruxelles, Belgium
7: Also at Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics, Moscow, Russia
8: Also at Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna, Russia
9: Now at Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt
10: Now at British University in Egypt, Cairo, Egypt
11: Now at Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
12: Also at Université de Haute Alsace, Mulhouse, France
13: Also at Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
14: Also at CERN, European Organization for Nuclear Research, Geneva, Switzerland
15: Also at RWTH Aachen University, III. Physikalisches Institut A, Aachen, Germany
16: Also at University of Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany
17: Also at Brandenburg University of Technology, Cottbus, Germany
18: Also at MTA-ELTE Lendület CMS Particle and Nuclear Physics Group, Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary
19: Also at Institute of Nuclear Research ATOMKI, Debrecen, Hungary
20: Also at Institute of Physics, University of Debrecen, Debrecen, Hungary
21: Also at Indian Institute of Technology Bhubaneswar, Bhubaneswar, India
22: Also at Institute of Physics, Bhubaneswar, India
23: Also at University of Visva-Bharati, Santiniketan, India
24: Also at University of Ruhuna, Matara, Sri Lanka
25: Also at Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, Iran
26: Also at Yazd University, Yazd, Iran
27: Also at Plasma Physics Research Center, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
28: Also at Università degli Studi di Siena, Siena, Italy
29: Also at INFN Sezione di Milano-Bicocca; Università di Milano-Bicocca, Milano, Italy
30: Also at Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro dell’INFN, Legnaro, Italy
31: Also at Purdue University, West Lafayette, USA
32: Also at International Islamic University of Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
33: Also at Malaysian Nuclear Agency, MOSTI, Kajang, Malaysia
34: Also at Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología, Mexico city, Mexico
35: Also at Warsaw University of Technology, Institute of Electronic Systems, Warsaw, Poland
36: Also at Institute for Nuclear Research, Moscow, Russia
37: Now at National Research Nuclear University ’Moscow Engineering Physics Institute’ (MEPhI), Moscow, Russia
38: Also at St. Petersburg State Polytechnical University, St. Petersburg, Russia
39: Also at University of Florida, Gainesville, USA
40: Also at P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute, Moscow, Russia
41: Also at California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, USA
42: Also at Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, Novosibirsk, Russia
43: Also at Faculty of Physics, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia
44: Also at University of Belgrade, Faculty of Physics and Vinca Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Belgrade, Serbia
45: Also at Scuola Normale e Sezione dell’INFN, Pisa, Italy
46: Also at National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece
47: Also at Riga Technical University, Riga, Latvia
48: Also at Universität Zürich, Zurich, Switzerland
49: Also at Stefan Meyer Institute for Subatomic Physics (SMI), Vienna, Austria
50: Also at Gaziosmanpasa University, Tokat, Turkey
51: Also at Adiyaman University, Adiyaman, Turkey
52: Also at Istanbul Aydin University, Istanbul, Turkey
53: Also at Mersin University, Mersin, Turkey
54: Also at Cag University, Mersin, Turkey
55: Also at Piri Reis University, Istanbul, Turkey
56: Also at Izmir Institute of Technology, Izmir, Turkey
57: Also at Necmettin Erbakan University, Konya, Turkey
58: Also at Marmara University, Istanbul, Turkey
59: Also at Kafkas University, Kars, Turkey
60: Also at Istanbul Bilgi University, Istanbul, Turkey
61: Also at Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Didcot, United Kingdom
62: Also at School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom
63: Also at Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, La Laguna, Spain
64: Also at Utah Valley University, Orem, USA
65: Also at Beykent University, Istanbul, Turkey
66: Also at Bingol University, Bingol, Turkey
67: Also at Erzincan University, Erzincan, Turkey
68: Also at Sinop University, Sinop, Turkey
69: Also at Mimar Sinan University, Istanbul, Istanbul, Turkey
70: Also at Texas A&M University at Qatar, Doha, Qatar
71: Also at Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea
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